baumzaehlen - Primeval Forests & Their Trees

©2019copyright christoph hase

 

Fagus orientalis (oriental beech, Fagaceae)

 

 

F. orientalis, girth 536 cm. Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron) understory. Mtirala National Park, Georgia.
Small Castanea sativa (sweet chestnut, left centre). Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron) understory. Mtirala National Park, Georgia.
Some canopy tree and understory (bottom) species at upper elevations of Mtirala National Park, Georgia.
Dry stream bed. F. orientalis and Acer cappadocicum (Cappadocian maple, right centre, covered with climbers). Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia.
Lower slope forest with F. orientalis and Castanea sativa (sweet chestnut, right, girth 396 cm). Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia.
Forest on alluvial flat. Two F. orientalis in the foreground. In the background mainly Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam). Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia.
27-metre Acer cappadocicum (Cappadocian maple) surrounded by F. orientalis. Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia.
37.5-metre Acer velutinum (velvet maple). The other tall trees are also A. velutinum. F. orientalis foliage. Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia.
Some tree species at lower elevations of Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve, Georgia. T. dasystyla subsp. caucasica = T. begoniifolia.
In the foreground F. orientalis, height 46.5 m, girth 254 cm. Other trees: Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) and F. orientalis. Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) - F. orientalis forest. Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
F. orientalis, Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir), Acer platanoides (Norway maple, left), Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, background with scaly bark), Sambucus nigra (black elder, shrubs in the foreground), Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron, shrubs in the background). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
F. orientalis, Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir), Tilia begoniifolia (Caucasian linden, right with furrowed bark), Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron, shrubs). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Part of Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia. Dominated by Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) and F. orientalis.
Acer platanoides (Norway maple), height 37.9 m, girth 222 cm. Other trees: F. orientalis. Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir), height 59.5 m, girth 454 cm. Other trees: A. nordmanniana and F. orientalis. Shrubs: Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Abies nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana (Caucasian fir), F. orientalis, Sambucus nigra (black elder, small tree, centre), Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron, shrubs). Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Tall and dense Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron) thicket. In the background Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) and F. orientalis. Buynyy Natural Monument, Russia.
Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) - F. orientalis forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Dead wood in Abies nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) - F. orientalis forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) - F. orientalis forest with Rhododendron ponticum (pontic rhododendron) understory. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) - F. orientalis forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir), F. orientalis and Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple, yellowish leaves, centre). Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Mainly Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) - F. orientalis forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
On slopes mainly Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) - F. orientalis forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir), height 60.5 m, girth 391 cm. A. nordmanniana - F. orientalis forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.
Alnus incana (grey alder) along the creek. On the slope Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian fir) - F. orientalis forest. Caucasus Nature Reserve, Russia.